Tips & Tricks

Sea buckthorn in the garden - 5 things you need to know


Do you have a sunny spot in the garden and don't know what to plant there? How about e.g. with sea buckthorn? It looks good and the fruits are also healthy.

The sea buckthorn apparently came to these areas through the last ice age. It is at home here and can therefore be grown well. Many do not yet know the wild fruit itself, but only from the supermarket. Because sea buckthorn jam, liqueurs, creams and much more are booming here. No wonder, because the sea buckthorn is the wild fruit tree with the most vitamins besides the wild rose. The berries contain even more vitamin C than citrus fruits. Well, if that's no reason to plant the decorative sea buckthorn yourself.

What does sea buckthorn look like?

The sea buckthorn is a very decorative wild fruit tree. It has silver-gray, elongated leaves and also has small, orange berries. They form a nice contrast to the green leaves. The crown of the sea buckthorn is rather irregular and it can grow up to five meters high.

Where does sea buckthorn thrive best?

The sea buckthorn needs a lot of light and does not tolerate shade. It can grow even in coastal regions and on very stony ground. Therefore, it can be found mainly in nature on the North Sea and Baltic Sea.

Since the sea buckthorn can become very large, you should also have enough space in the garden for the plant. The soil must be deep, but not too acidic. If the soil is heavily contaminated with clay, you should add more sand.

Important:
To harvest berries regularly, you need to plant at least three trees. One male and two female. The berries only grow on the female sea buckthorn trees.

Sea buckthorn female (Hippophae rhamnoides)
Growth rate:20 - 40 cm a year
Height:200-300 cm
Spread:150-250 cm
Root system:Deep-rooting
Location:Sun to partial shade
Ground:sandy, well drained
"Show more pictures and data
Sea buckthorn male (Hippophae rhamnoides)
Growth rate:20 - 30 cm a year
Height:300 - 400 cm
Spread:200-300 cm
Root system:Deep-rooting
Location:Sun to partial shade
Ground:sandy, normal garden soil
"Show more pictures and data

How is sea buckthorn planted?

As you just learned, you need several sea buckthorn plants - and accordingly a lot of space. When planting, make sure that you use the male plant west of the female plants and that it is in the main wind direction. The flowers are pollinated by the wind.

It is also important that you put a root barrier around the sea buckthorn plants in the ground. This is the only way to limit the formation of runners. You can find out how to properly insert the rhizome barrier into the ground here.

How is sea buckthorn properly cared for?

If you bring the sea buckthorn into the garden and put a rhizome barrier in the ground, you don't have to do much. It is enough if you supply the sea buckthorn with some compost and thus with nutrients every two years.

To prevent the inside of the sea buckthorn from becoming charred and charred, you should cut back the harvested shoots every two years in late winter. Then straighten the sea buckthorn a little if necessary.

When is the sea buckthorn ready to harvest?

Depending on the variety, the wild fruit is ready to harvest from mid-August to mid-September. Harvesting the berries is relatively difficult and sometimes painful due to the long thorns. But there is a method that makes harvesting child's play.

  1. Simply cut off the branches with the berries.
  2. Then remove the leaves and cut the branches into small pieces.
  3. Put the branches in a freezer bag and place them in the freezer.
  4. Remove the frozen berries.
  5. Beat the bag with a wooden spoon.
  6. Put the contents in a bowl with water and skim the berries.

This way you save yourself the tedious task of picking the individual berries.